. . .
. .
. .
Menu
180 Comments

Mammography

Mammography for breast cancer by akrambinzaki

Mastography called Mammography is the process to detect breast cancer by using low-energy X-rays (usually around 30 kVp) to examine the human breast, this method is used as a diagnostic and screening tool. typically through detection of characteristic masses and/or microcalcifications.

Types of Mammogrphy

There are two types of Mammography

1-Film Screen Mammography

2-Digital Mammography (FFDM)

Techniques for perfoming Film screen Mammography and digigtal mammography is same , the only difference is that whether the images take the form of photographic films or of digital files recorded directly onto a computer.

Film-screen vs. digital

Diagnostic mammography is performed in women who present with breast symptoms such as nipple discharge or focal pain, who have abnormal clinical findings such as palpable lump, or who have mammographic abnormalities detected on a screening study. It is performed under the direct supervision of a radiologist who chooses different additional views to further demonstrate the morphology of the lesion and decides whether ultrasound also needs to be used. Additional views include cleavage view, tangential view, and rolled view.

If you’ve had a film-screen mammogram, the images will be in black and white on large sheets of film. With digital mammography, the images are recorded directly into a computer. The image can then be viewed on a computer screen and specific areas can be enlarged or highlighted. If there is a suspicious area, your doctors can use the computer to take a closer look. The images also can be transmitted electronically from one location to another.

Many studies have shown that film-screen and digital mammography are equally accurate in screening for breast cancer. One 2005 study of nearly 50,000 women, the Digital Mammographic Imaging Screening Trial (DMIST), found that digital mammography was a better screening tool than film-screen mammography only for women who either:

  • are under age 50
  • have very dense or extremely dense breast tissue
  • are still menstruating or are perimenopausal (starting menopause), but have had a period within the previous 12 months

If you fall into any one of these three categories, talk to your doctor about having digital mammography. If you’re not sure whether or not you have dense breast tissue, your doctor can help — usually by looking at previous mammograms you may have had.

The other advantages of digital mammography versus film-screen are that

(1) digital images can be manipulated for better views and they can be stored more easily, and

(2) digital mammograms deliver about three-fourths of the radiation that film-screen mammograms do (although film-screen mammograms deliver a safe and very small amount of radiation).

The disadvantages of digital mammography are that it is more expensive and not as widely available as film-screen mammography.

In the future, it’s expected that digital mammography will become more common. In the meantime, you can speak with your doctor about which type of mammography is best for your individual situation. If your doctor recommends digital mammography, or you want to have it, you can work together to determine where it is available in your area.

Many imaging centers are now in the process of switching over from traditional film mammography to digital mammography. According to an April 2008 article in the New York Times, this is causing a temporary increase in the number of women who are getting called back for additional testing. As radiologists get used to reading the digital images — especially for a woman who has always had films done — they may be more likely to call a woman back to take more views of potentially suspicious areas. Be aware of this if you make the switch from film mammography to digital mammography, and try not to worry prematurely if you get called back.

If you do not have access to digital mammography, you should still have film-screen mammography as you normally would.

180 thoughts on “Mammography”

  1. quest bars says:

    What’s up, constantly i used to check web site posts here
    in the early hours in the daylight, since i enjoy to find out more
    and more.

  2. ejhjpzfrp says:

    Mammography – CaLmInG MeLoDy
    [url=http://www.gc5y8036dqi969709fyc51nf5jzu6a9ts.org/]uejhjpzfrp[/url]
    ejhjpzfrp http://www.gc5y8036dqi969709fyc51nf5jzu6a9ts.org/
    aejhjpzfrp

  3. Effie says:

    A more healthy diet along with tea-tree oil can help you to
    cure your acne completely.

  4. You must base one’s body on forex technical examination and use
    forex graphs to identify trading options – chances are set by that within your favor.

  5. www.122.kz says:

    All couples are subject to industry volatility, but most values tend to become less or more volatile during times of the day.

  6. Take a moment to review different options on who to trust with your forex trading training needs before deciding.

  7. I then found out about stock investing which is really a quite simple strategy as soon as you obtain a grasp of
    the items that were important thing to consider in a
    trade.

  8. This forex currency trading tactic is not unable to
    by used for online trading to craft a moneymaking trading process.

  9. Beginning with the same size position leads some forex dealers to not
    be above – or higher committed using their income.

  10. Then you could go live having a genuine forex account if you are
    constantly building superior investments on demo.

  11. Many brokers with signs have several to pick from,
    in order to move to the signal you believe will provide the most effective benefits.

  12. One more advantage of stock investing is that you’re not required to pay a lot of money to create earnings, recall for that!

  13. cloud from says:

    Currency trading on edge requires high risk, and it is not suitable for all investors.

  14. For showing for a meeting in a bpo, all the actions and guidelines that
    you ought to understand.

  15. marker says:

    Regardless of on type of trading you decide what, it’s critical that you simply spend close awareness of
    the market motion leading up to each trading day.

  16. balance says:

    Using the rise of the world wide web, we have observed
    the increase of the great amount of distributors selling Automated Forex spiders that were inexpensive.

  17. It may be possibly better for several shareholders
    to acquire coverage via a rising currency ETF
    including CEW.

  18. Opening a free account, you will get entry to dealing on CFDs on stocks also to
    commodities and currencies futures.

  19. The theory is to host a huge PBN on one VPS ($49/month), then route the IP addresses of each domain ($0.50 per
    IP/month) through a various service making them appear to
    come from different IPs and areas.

  20. Developing risk-free strategies for arbitrage trading
    can be quite complicated and it is encouraged that you simply know about economics
    and trading methods.

  21. Anonymous says:

    Patience and a task in forex currency trading is just an advantage in-all our individual dealings and play no less.

  22. This wide-scale participation by investors has determined agents, several experienced traders, and businesses, to produce automated forex currency trading application.

  23. GoodShop makes a huge difference in your expenses with its SEO Hosting deals and discounts.

  24. sack slow says:

    C: To assist the OP – I have SEO hosting and a
    great deal of other hosting, They have all
    worked.

  25. SRE Global Infotech, a SEO India Comapny is managing SEO campaign for SuperSeedbox, supplies you with the best and top notch quality web
    services.

  26. spray huge says:

    Select agent or a respected forex trading site, when you
    investigate them on the FTC site and examine tips from different
    traders.

  27. Choosing an SEO webhosting service provider is not difficult and fortunately is that
    there many excellent companies out there.

  28. For more information about FX trading circumstances, please visit
    the Currency Trading Conditions site.

  29. consist harm says:

    Whether you searching for a pre-packaged SEO Hosting Option or one of our
    custom SEO Hosting Solutions, we can establish your hosting account
    exactly the method you require it. With our VPS, Dedicated
    Server, or among our Pre-Packaged Plans, you can easily find a
    solution that fits your needs.

  30. mission says:

    Forex technical evaluation helps you to have the capacity to study usage of Fibonacci forex graphs ,
    help and resistance etc.

  31. Google allows particular limitation on indexing and it’s based on server I.P.
    On shared hosting if a website is currently taking in too many resources
    (bot crawling) you will be influenced and might see sluggish indexing
    or search engine bots are not crawling your blog site.

  32. warning kill says:

    FX School teaches you in an expenditure-free zone – if you happen to be
    willing to enter industry and 100% relaxed you devote only.

  33. The additional great thing with Host1Plus is that you can select which location you desire your server to be and you just have to pay a couple of
    extra dollars to do that.

  34. It is advisable to test for additional indicators on timeframes if you want to guarantee
    our industry can encounter the bottom chance that you
    can.

  35. bat model says:

    The great support staff they have acts like icing on the cake and they have other services like domain, SEO services
    etc

  36. SEO Project Supervisor: The very best SEO provider can supply you with an SEO task supervisor who can continue the task from
    the starting to the end.

  37. rid leading says:

    Having stated that it does mean that all hosting providers
    are good so I will try to give you some pointers on the best ways to choose an excellent and
    SEO friendly supplier for your online business or site.

  38. Futures trading is dangerous for newbies but once your grasp it, it’s
    regarded as the best day trading market.

  39. By choosing these forex expert advisory programs which practices
    both long-run techniques and the short-run the easiest way to find the
    specialist advisory is.

  40. bulk climate says:

    We even care for more details than this: we sign up domains for name servers with various identities, and mix some of them with personal whois registration.

  41. Nonetheless, the Forex market is actually a massive one with almost all national currencies being exchanged on the market.

  42. excited says:

    You can have total control over your server from any area with our KVM access function.

  43. It is vital that you know realistic behind forex trading before you pay someone or another thing todo it!

  44. sauce secret says:

    The day aims to instruct you all of the main element principles involved from a
    Beginners level in trading.

  45. place steady says:

    What most web designers cannot recognize is that they are unable to get the best of
    exactly what they desire in the world today due to that they are more than capable or willing
    of not understanding the total capacity that SEO Hosting and Multiple C Class IP
    Hosting can offer.

  46. It is not really a secret that beginners just enjoy software that is difficult with hundreds of indications and impulses.

  47. happy nobody says:

    Although, Metatrader programs are excellent
    resources to develop strategies for Forex trading methods it would
    not be wise to rely on them mainly.

  48. Although that option is still available currency trading does not
    require using a.

  49. If you really wish to explore it more you can get in touch with ICANN
    straight and see what if any weather changes have actually occurred to change the method info
    was listed in private domain registrars.

  50. To break down the numbers on HostGator before we get to the super hot hosting deals, we begin with the number
    of servers they manage.

  51. beam bath says:

    The bet is the better price of which you are not unwilling to sell your
    price currency.

  52. A few of the most difficult features to day trading looking forward to the entrypoint that is proper or
    are observing a change against you.

  53. Forex Ambush is one technological advantage that’s accessible, and
    you will get a superior look at what it offers with this specific Forex Wait 2.0 assessment.

  54. risk bill says:

    They could be largely categorized directly into two sort of
    strategies are profit-maximizing risk and strategies minimizing methods.

  55. You can not cut off your sensations solely, nevertheless you have to set your
    brain that is reasonable tightly in command to create good forex selections.

  56. If you were to think of trading currency as gambling, you’ll shed
    all your money quicker than a wizard may make a rabbit
    come in a hat!

  57. By preserving focus on major pairs expand your assurance and prospects for achievement.

  58. Another element you will locate very difficult to overlook is for finding educated to be a Forex trader, you should pay.

  59. medical bear says:

    Colocation America has actually been an industry leader in hosting
    for over a years, and we provide tailored SEO Hosting to help fulfill your marketing
    objectives.

  60. You can understand currency trading practices without sacrificing anything, by using a trial acocunt to business with actual industry
    activity.

  61. similarly says:

    You need to be prepared to pay more in percent phrases towards the
    broker when you are trading modest quantities.

  62. Their trader is Raj Palleti and he averages pips EACH DAY
    and it has been investing for more than 7 years.

  63. Always a great number are of application that set and can be told as per sell and buy specifications.

  64. Also probably the most productive trader, everybody experiences cutbacks while dealing despite
    being in on the newest forex trading guidelines.

  65. anticipate says:

    There are always a large amount of some people that have
    not been unable to become successful in trading
    inside the Forex market.

  66. your album says:

    I would only enhance the section on server place to say that you
    should pick a server is closely allied with your target audience – not simply locally, but globally.

  67. Cleveland says:

    Acne Blemishes; Redness; Rashes; Itching; With daily-use Zinc Cream
    For Issue Skin operates quickly and carefully to help you
    achieve a healthy looking appearance.

  68. impulse says:

    The one server-side feature that of these business promote as an SEO function” is offering your
    site with a special IP address.

  69. By so doing, in a day, it is simple to create $500-$1000 by
    marketing just purchasing and investing these foreign currency for , or around
    doing hrs!

  70. You would have to selecting a Metatrader Fx Broker that produces on the guarantees of
    earning you rich before you start counting your money.

  71. corner web says:

    Your personal blog site network would be hosted in different server places and separated into one of the most variety distinct Class
    A IPs.

  72. Eventually, you will achieve experience that is enough with a big trading finance together to profit a lot
    of money.

  73. As a way to ascertain the success of the trading
    tactics, at any time and from everywhere you are able to access the real history
    of your business businesses.

  74. SEO Hosting is just utilized to explain making use of using dedicated ips for your
    target websites.

  75. Preferably, you intend to learn a trading strategy
    from an individual who is currently profitable using the same technique.

  76. It was generally only shared hosting which had captured the market
    however as time went on and as technology advanced,
    it resulted in the advancement of more recent and ground breaking barriers in the events of SEO Hosting.

  77. Remember that a little hosting service might declare to supply
    unrestricted bandwidth, however their servers aren’t geared up to deal with an attack of visitors.

  78. There are various firms that allegedly present lessons in HOWTO become a Forex trader although not these supply
    review material that’s of good-quality.

  79. Obtain or training positions utilizing the symptoms that are free /sell signals given by each
    broker.

  80. Forex stock investing will be the many profitable and appealing investment opportunity since you
    may do it at home or office and from any state in the world.

  81. When your SEO Hoster owns the IPs they are offering you, this
    can be seen in the IP Ownership Records.

  82. Companies such as Page1Hosting are some of the only couple of authentic SEO Webhosting options that have
    to be formulated with the sole intent of understanding which are the best optimization techniques readily available in the
    market today.

  83. Well, the simple truth is that there’s plenty
    not less to it than selling and just randomly buying currency.

  84. shame says:

    Start a live bill using the broker whose the top outcomes were presented by trading
    indicators.

  85. This coupled with interbank spreads and our instant NDD execution makes InterTrader
    Direct the ideal agent for other short-term and scalping strategies.

  86. Our service design to organizations or person that seek out forex signals support or account management.

  87. We provide various trading indicators including cultural signs
    and technical analysis signals (RSI, MACD, Stochastic, William %R).

  88. Perseverance – stick with it and let its program runs once you’ve decided to place a.

  89. Forex MetaTrader Agents are these Forex brokers who provide the 4 (MT4) software to their customers.

  90. pile says:

    This process has fundamentally been built foolproof as I expect this Forex Wait 2.0 evaluation has plainly created.

  91. Forex stock investing is the many profitable and appealing investment opportunity
    because you may do it from your home or workplace and from any region in the world.

  92. housing says:

    Server location: securely related to the above one, this one is necessary to point out for a number of reasons.

  93. Traders us moving averages to lessen price action and generate purchase
    and sell indicators.

  94. steal beyond says:

    The exchange rate between two currencies will be the charge of which one
    currency will soon be sold for another.

  95. Sign up for two or one accounts at any given time and learn to employ each dealer’s trading software.

  96. Options Course understand trading and publishing choices may be used to make sure your account, handle risk, and
    create an income stream.

  97. Do not begin trading Forex on a marketplace that is not thick when you’re
    stepping into forex markets lack public attention.

  98. The account must demand initially and less expenditure, one Must be able to business with a demo account.

  99. One excellent trade will not cause you to a trading accomplishment;
    it is continuing frequent effectiveness over decades and months that makes an investor that is good.

  100. You can start promoting your trading alerts later or controlling other folksis cash.

  101. peer member says:

    The Forex Gemini signal herbs business up by enabling visitors
    to use numerous signs.

  102. award says:

    Forex products and services can be obtained by IBFX, Inc’s Forex departments.

  103. So typically clients don’t take hosting into consideration or go for the cheap” alternative which oftens ends up being a pricey mistake.

  104. While you return house around 6.30 pm, you login into your stock investing bill to view
    how much cash you’ve made.

  105. Because of the fluctuations while in the demand and offer
    of numerous values within the Forex market.

  106. apart says:

    Like that choose if trading forex is for you personally and you will get a feel for the process.

  107. Well, the truth is that there is plenty more to it than selling and
    just randomly buying currency.

  108. InstaForex tries to offer a wide variety of services and also the best trading
    terms to its consumers.

  109. bee says:

    The dedicated servers are offered by the best hosting service providers
    and you can choose this from them at a month-to-month in addition to annual service fee.

  110. kid says:

    Since trading currency is runs globally through several international transactions, it
    moves twenty four hours a-day (Sunday @ 5:00pm EST – Friday
    @ 5:00pm EST).

  111. Furthermore, if r superior in forex no need to trade with
    10000$ minimum, UCAN deal with 1000$ or 2000$
    to be protected and may make like 1000-2000$
    each month.

  112. Disclaimer: this informative article does not immediately suggest
    any specific investment and trading possibilities and is for
    research purposes.

  113. While there is 24hour online currency trading
    today, you decide when and just how often to quote.

  114. like retain says:

    An investor must remember that the two largest sensations in trading
    are greed and fear before jumping head into the forex
    market.

  115. That is immensely harder as it requires an extensive study of The Foreign Exchange Market than it looks.

  116. It is have with 4 trading indicators that you might want to set up into dealer software.

  117. Yes you are able to, nonetheless it’s proposed which you possess a complete knowledge of the
    pitfalls associated with forex trading before you
    begin.

  118. Another working attribute of all Forex application is the
    fact that, they present composite maps of several currencies’ projection.

  119. just album says:

    Aside from your final ambitions, you’ll achieve them quicker having a currency trading education that is good.

  120. lid says:

    Forex naturally of its influence is a temporary expenditure with rationality that is less
    than people feel.

  121. Forex is susceptible to economic and geopolitical tendencies, which can affect currency markets and Forex rates and could be
    the most liquid market on earth.

  122. Inside the forex market, the spread is the difference between its purchase value and
    a currencyis purchase price.

  123. The 5 trading software’s wide opportunities at the moment
    are often along with you.

  124. oppose grave says:

    Several spots to discover automatic impulses are in ZipSignals, ZuluTrade, and Tradency.

  125. Server area is, obviously, is not the only consider how the
    search engines decide to rank a question originating from a specific location (TLD country extensions and external link profile come to mind), however it is a
    strong one.

  126. half inside says:

    In addition you need to find out how a bet/request spread in works to comprehend the part pips enjoy
    in currency trading.

  127. The complete place has experienced a rise in organization and jobs, in addition to an art
    arena that was increasing.

  128. Everyone loves what you guys tend to be up too. Such clever
    work and exposure! Keep up the terrific works guys I’ve added you guys to our blogroll.

  129. Having dedicated servers and therefore committed IP addresses for each
    domain may be a sensible option for your most high powered and valuable
    PBN sites, but simply isn’t practical for hosting
    a big network.

  130. Our support layout to firms or individual that seek out forex signals assistance or account administration.

  131. Your hosting needs to be close to 100 percent reliable in regards
    to up-time, and can not be less than 98
    %.

  132. Although, some SEO webhosting plans are expensive when compared with other hosting plans, if you do your
    research, read evaluations and look at the popular web hosting business, you make sure to discover an economical SEO hosting package.

  133. Foreign hosting have less focused people doing PBN stuff, which’s exactly
    what am capitalizing on it atm.

  134. kind storage says:

    Trading In The Buff was definitely, this season one of many opportunities that are greatest I have designed for my forex
    enterprise.

  135. There are offers superior possibilities together with
    lots of investors, exclusively novices, who try this currency as it is actually well-known.

  136. Be in touch with other parents and exchange information on video games.
    Here you can play online shooting games, action games and fighting games.
    Joining Diggins will be three-time MVP and comedic superstar Kevin Hart; film star Ansel Elgort; Anthony Anderson (ABC’s ‘blackish’); Common (‘Selma’); Little League
    phenom Mo’ne Davis; Arcade Fire’s Win Butler; actor Chadwick Boseman (’42’); ‘America’s Got Talent’ host
    Nick Cannon; former NBA All-Star and New York Knicks Assistant General Manager Allan Houston; Basketball
    Hall of Famer Chris Mullin; gold medal-winning U.

  137. Good day! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would be ok.
    I’m definitely enjoying your blog and look forward to new posts.

  138. This is very interesting, You are a very professional blogger.
    I have joined your feed and look forward to looking
    for more of your magnificent post. Additionally, I’ve shared your web site
    in my social networks

  139. WOW just what I was searching for. Came here by searching for alternative female
    hair loss remedy

  140. fuck says:

    Iread this post fully concerning the difference of latest and ptevious technologies,
    it’s remarkable article.

  141. The story in Dark Flight picks up from where the last game left off, with the destruction of the fabled Paintewd Tower.
    Using the simple three-button on-screen system included with Bloid Money, you’ll find that guns, hidden stashes, doorknobs, and all items aare contact
    sensitive, whhen you pass by a usable object the right button lights
    up inn the corner of your screen. Aside from the aesthetic,
    just how the snow is actuaoly formed aare going to take a lot of screening tto obtain it appear correct.

  142. Nidia says:

    Murad’s Acne Treatment Concealer comes in two easy hues: Light and
    Channel, so you can wonderfully address blemishes to fit the skin tone while
    ingredients like Salicylic Acid, Greentea and Vitamins A, E & H operate their secret to obvious and stop outbreaks,
    determine fat output, and fix and restore skin for a distinct and smooth appearance.

  143. Jasa SEO says:

    Yesterday, while I was at work, my cousin stole my iphone and tested to see if it can survive a forty foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now destroyed and she
    has 83 views. I know this is entirely off topic but I had to share it
    with someone!

  144. I am really impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your
    blog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself?
    Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see
    a great blog like this one today.

  145. I have read so many content about the blogger lovers but this
    article is actually a nice article, keep it up.

  146. I have read so many content regarding the blogger lovers however this piece of writing is truly a good article, keep it
    up.

  147. games says:

    What’s up i am kavin, its my first occasion to commenting anywhere, when i read this piece of
    writing i thought i could also create comment due
    to this sensible article.

Comments are closed.

.
. .